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Affirming the Consequent Summary

(also known as: converse error, fallacy of the consequent, asserting the consequent, affirmation of the consequent) New Terminology: Consequent: the propositional component of a conditional proposition whose truth is conditional; or simply put, what comes after the “then” in an “if/then” statement. Antecedent: the propositional component of a conditional proposition… Read More »Affirming the Consequent Summary

Ad Hominem (Tu quoque) Summary

Latin Name: argumentum ad hominem tu quoque (also known as:  appeal to hypocrisy, “you too” fallacy, hypocrisy, personal inconsistency) Description: Claiming the argument is flawed by pointing out that the one making the argument is not acting consistently with the claims of the argument. Logical Form: Person 1 is claiming… Read More »Ad Hominem (Tu quoque) Summary

Ad Hominem (Abusive) Summary

Latin Name: argumentum ad hominem (also known as:  personal abuse, personal attacks, abusive fallacy, appeal to the person, damning the source, name calling, refutation by caricature, against the person, against the man) Description: Attacking the person making the argument, rather than the argument itself, when the attack on the person… Read More »Ad Hominem (Abusive) Summary

Ad Hoc Rescue Summary

Latin Name: ad hoc (also known as: making stuff up, MSU fallacy) Description: Very often we desperately want to be right and hold on to certain beliefs, despite any evidence presented to the contrary.  As a result, we begin to make up excuses as to why our belief could still… Read More »Ad Hoc Rescue Summary

Ad Fidentia Summary

Latin Summary: argumentum ad fidentia (also known as: against self-confidence) Description: Attacking the person’s self-confidence in place of the argument or the evidence. Logical Form: Person 1 claims that Y is true, but is person 1 really sure about that? Therefore, Y is false. Example #1: Rick: I had a… Read More »Ad Fidentia Summary

Accident Fallacy Summary

Latin Name: a dicto simpliciter ad dictum secundum quid (also known as: destroying the exception, dicto secundum quid ad dictum simpliciter, dicto simpliciter, converse accident, reverse accident, fallacy of the general rule, sweeping generalization) Description: When an attempt is made to apply a general rule to all situations when clearly… Read More »Accident Fallacy Summary

Accent Fallacy Summary

Latin Name: accentus (also known as:  emphasis fallacy, fallacy of accent, fallacy of prosody, misleading accent) Description: When the meaning of a word, sentence, or entire idea is interpreted differently by changing where the accent falls. Logical Form: Claim is made with accent on word X giving claim meaning Y.… Read More »Accent Fallacy Summary